The Border Department

The Border Department operates within the Kosovo Police.

 

VISION of Border Department:

 

“Opened borders, but controlled and safe”

 

 

PURPOSE

 

The overall purpose of Border Department is the development of a border security system, which will integrate all the state agencies with responsibility for controlling and supervision the borders, to keep Kosovo safe by increasing the border security and to apply the implemented laws.

 

 

MISSION OF THE BORDER DEPARTMENT

“To guarantee an increased border safety by preventing, revealing and capturing the criminals involved in transnational crime activities, terrorist activities, trafficking with human beings, and forgery of documents, transportation of weapons of mass destruction, narcotics, weapons, stolen vehicles and other smugglings prohibited by law”.

 

BORDER DEPARTMENT

Border Department is part of Kosovo Police. The accomplishment of its mission regarding the controlling and surveillance of the border, control of entering, stay and movement of foreigners, prevention and combating of the transnational crime.

 

Border Policing was established in 1999 as UNMIK police, with the mandate of the resolution 1244, responsible for the control and safety in border crossing points. This policing was initially created to response the postwar Kosovo needs and its structure. It was in accordance with these needs.

Border police officers, Border Police, are professional; they carry the safety on their shoulders and are the only ethnicity in Kosovo assigned to be as:

 

“FIRST DEFENSE LINE” in Kosovo

Border Department is responsible for:

•             Management and controlling on the border crossing points;

•             Management, controlling and surveillance along the Green and Blue border;

•             Securing of the state border inviolability

•             Protection of life and health of citizens;

•             Prevention and detection of criminal acts and offences, detection of their perpetrators;

•             Prevention and detection of illegal migration;

•             Prevention, detection and investigation of transnational crime in partnership with other agencies for security in state borders;

•             Prevention of movement of goods and infected livestock across the state border.

 

Currently, Kosovo has 16 border crossing points and 12 police stations for border surveillance.

The internal and external increased development of border policing, will lead to the accomplishment of its mission. These developments will substantially improve the service quality by achieving and applying contemporary standards and technologies of more advanced forms.

 

Current organizational structure of Border Department

Border Department is part of Kosovo Police and is organized at the:

•             central and

•             Local level.

 

Central level consists of two divisions:

 

•             Division for Controlling and Surveillance of the border and

•             Division for Integrated Border Management.

 

The local level consists of:

•             Regional Border Directorate “North” Lluzhan

•             Regional Border Directorate “East” Kaqanik

•             Regional Directorate “West” Gjakove

 

Border Regional Directorates manage and control the police stations for border surveillance and border crossings points.

 

Regional Border Directorate “West” Gjakovë

Regional Border Directorate “West” Gjakovë, has under supervision the state border with the Republic of Albania, Monte Negro as well as a part of the border with the Republic of Serbia and Macedonia.

This Directorate supervises and controls the following border crossing points of:

•             Vërmicë,

•             Qafë Prush,

•             Qafë Morinë,

•             Kullë,

•             Shishtavec,

•             Orqushe,

•             Glloboqicë/Borje.

 

As well as police stations for border surveillance:

 

•             Vërmicë,

•             Gjakovë,

•             Dragash,

•             Vitomiricë.

 

Regional Border Directorate “North” Lluzhan

Regional Border Directorate “North” Lluzhan has under its supervision the major part of the state border with the Republic of Serbia.

 

This Directorate controls and supervises the following border crossing points:

 

•             Merdare,

•             Jarinje,

•             Bernjak,

•             Mutivodë.

 

As well as police stations for border surveillance:

•             Keqekollë,

•             Kërpimeh,

•             Leposaviq,

•             Zubin Potok.

 

Regional Border Directorate “East” Kaqanik

Regional Border Directorate “East” Kaqanik has under its supervision the major part of the state border with the Republic of Macedonia, as well as a part of the state border with the Republic of Serbia.

 

This Directorate has under its control and surveillance the following border crossing points:

 

•             Hani i Elezit,

•             Dheu i Bardhë,

•             Muqibabë,

•             Glloboqicë.

 

 

As well as police stations for border surveillance:

 

•             Hani i Elezit,

•             Zhegër,

•             Gjilan,

•             Muqivërcë.

 

 

 

Integrated Border Management

Integrated Border Management refers to the coordination and cooperation between all the authorities and agencies involved in the security and controlling of border, to enable a free circulation of people and goods, to establish efficient and effective management systems of integrated border, in order to achieve the common goal of opened, controlled and safe borders.

 

 

The concept of Integrated Border Management is based on three main pillars:

 

•             Cooperation within the service,

•             Cooperation between the agencies and

•             International cooperation

 

The Integrated Border Management and security of border constitute a special engagement in relation to the Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo, legislation in power, political actions and national security inside the country, as well as on the international relations especially in the membership process in European Union, other international structures and building trust with neighboring countries and beyond.

 

 

Legal Framework

 

Border Department, exercises its duties and responsibilities in support of the:

 

•             Constitution of the Republic of Kosovo,

•             Law on Kosovo Police,

•             Kosovo Criminal Procedure Code

•             Law for Controlling and Supervision of the State Border,

•             Law on Foreigners,

•             Asylum law

•             Law for Cooperation between the Authorities Involved in the Integrated Border Management

 

All the laws that regulate the Border Department field are in power and harmonized with the EU legislation.

 

The model of policing applied by the Border Department

As a policing model, the Border Department applies the policing of supervision and controlling of border by observing, identifying and then reacting. Border Department will apply the security system based on the intelligence information, movement of crime and risk analysis. Solving of this policing model comes as a result of increased demands of citizens for a better quality of service, as well as based on the successful experiences of counterpart organizations of EU countries.

 

All these policing forms will have as a result:

•             Creation of a modern management culture, which will bring the orientation of the Border Policing activity toward planning.

•             Building of Partnership. Even though the Border Department is leading, however is not the only responsible institution for controlling and security of border, but operates reciprocally with other agencies dealing with the control and security of borders.

•             Improvement of Infrastructure. Border Department cannot provide quality for the required services if they are not supported by a modern infrastructure.

 

The objectives and activities of the Border Department are:

•             Free circulation of people, goods and vehicles, as well as increase of the borders safety in the Republic of Kosovo;

•             Prevention and combating of all  types of cross-border crimes and implementation of anti-corruption measures;

•             Advancing of cross-border police cooperation and resources management;

•             Professional development and training of police officers.

 

Cooperation

EU concept about the Integrated Border Management for the Western Balkans covers the coordination and cooperation between all the important authorities and agencies involved in border security, in order to facilitate the circulation of goods, people and trade, to establish an effective system of integrated border management and to achieve the common goal for opened borders, but controlled and safe.

The key aspects of the concept of Integrated Border Management are the coordination and cooperation and support into three following pillars.

•             Cooperation within the agency

•             Cooperation between the agencies and

•             International cooperation

 

In order to increase the efficiency in border management, the international cooperation is very important as well. This cooperation can best be done by exchanging of information, determining of emergency procedures and communication channels. 

Border Department aims to improve the international cooperation into three levels: multilateral, bilateral and local level. The Border Department also aims to actively get involved in the multilateral processes of European cooperation, by participating actively in relevant working groups.

Currently, in the International cooperation field, the Border Department is based on the memorandums of coordination signed with all neighboring countries.

 

Border Department holds cross-border meetings of the local and central level with the border police of neighboring countries. There are common centers of cross-border police cooperation with the Republic of Albania, Macedonia and there is in process even the common trilateral center of cross-border cooperation between the Republic of Kosovo – Republic of Albania, Monte Negro and Plava - Monte Negro.

Within the cooperation with neighboring countries, the Border Department also conducts common border patrolling with the border police of neighboring countries.

Within the Ministry of Internal Affairs there is also the center for controlling and supervision of the border. In this center is accomplished the supervision with other agencies which operates in the border, such as: Kosovo Customs, Veterinary Agency and the Agency of Food control.

In order to raise the efficiency of border management, BKP aims in the future to draft common operational and action plans in case of various situations and emergency communication system with neighboring countries.

 

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